April 15, 2021

In Canada, construction is one of the most important economic sectors, generating $141 billion in GDP in 2020. Simultaneously, Canada’s construction sector generates one-third of total solid waste in Canada (equal to more than 4 million tonnes of waste per year). Much of the value from these waste materials and resources are currently being lost from Canada’s economy at end of life.

The circular economy has come to the forefront as a solution for moving away from today’s linear ‘take-make-waste’ economy. Applying circular economy principles to Canada’s construction and real estate sector could generate multiple benefits, including reducing waste and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions; improving the supply chain resilience; creating new economic, investment, and employment opportunities; enhancing natural ecosystems and urban green spaces; and providing greater equity and related social benefits.

This study on Circular Economy & the Built Environment Sector in Canada was carried out by The Delphi Group in collaboration with Scius Advisory and completed in March 2021 on behalf of Forestry Innovation Investment Ltd. (FII) in British Columbia and Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) as the co-sponsors for the research. The work identifies a broad range of current efforts across Canada and undertakes a deeper dive on design for disassembly and adaptability (DfD/A) best practices, including an analysis of the ISO Standard 20887:2020 (i.e., design for disassembly and adaptability) in line with current Canadian industry practice and market readiness.


Report (pdf)